Zahedan is one of the metropolises of Iran and the capital of Sistan and Baluchestan province. The city is located in the Balochistan region. The former name of the city was “Dozd-Ab”, which was changed to “Zahedan” during the early Pahlavi period. Zahedan reaches from the north to Zabul city, from the south to Khash city, from the east to Afghanistan and Pakistan and from the west to Fahraj city. Zahedan’s climate is hot and dry most days of the year. Prior to World War I, Zahedan was a just small, remote village called Dozdab, and the reason for this naming was the existence of aqueducts and water springs around Zahedan. In the northern part of Zahedan, there was a fort or castle that was inhabited by local people. After World War II, Zahedan received more attention, due to the city’s important location and proximity to Afghanistan and Pakistan, the then government decided to establish the area.
The local cuisine of Baluchestan includes Kashk-Zard, Ojizak, Zaboli broth, Changal, Tanoorche, Dooghpa, Doogh berk, Omelet-Souzi, Tabahg and Lenjo.
Zahedan and Baluchestan souvenirs include local bread, citrus fruits, pomegranates, bananas, melons, olives, fish, dates, spices, mangoes, tea, and date cookies.
The best hotels in Zahedan are Esteghlal Hotel, Amin Hotel and Jahangardi Hotel.
This city, like many other cities in Iran, has many historical and natural tourist attractions that can be a good option for tourists to travel and visit.
The Ayoubi House:
Ayoubi House is one of the historical tourist attractions in Zahedan, which was built in the early 14th century AH in 1311 by the efforts of Professor Mohammad Ali Mahmoudi. Today, the mansion has been converted into a traditional art workshop in Zahedan visited by tourists every day.
The Nosrat Abad Caravanserai:
On the road from Zahedan city to Bam city, the remains of an old caravanserai can be seen, which is known as Nosrat Abad caravanserai. It seems that the architecture of this place belongs to the Safavi period. The main materials used in the ancient include clay and mud and its decorations are often simple and concise. The caravanserai has 60 rooms, with a total of 15 rooms and 23 arches on each side. This caravanserai was registered as one of the national monuments of Iran.
The Zaranj Mosque:
The Zaranj Mosque is an ancient mosque from the first century AH, apparently built by Abdul Rahman bin Samra, one of the Arab rulers of the time, in front of the Zaranj prison. This mosque has two minarets, one ancient and the other covered with copper, which was built by Yaqub Laith. Today this mosque has become one of the most important tourist attractions of Zahedan.
The Shah Ali Mosque (Al Ali Mosque):
In the middle of the ninth century AH, King Shams al-Din Ali, one of the rulers of the time, ordered the construction of a mosque in Zahedan, now known as the Shah Ali Mosque or the Al Ali Mosque. It is interesting to know that there are two old engraved tablets that date back to the ninth century AH. On one of these tablets, the name of the founder of the mosque, Shah Ali, is engraved, and the other tablet is a memorial to the death of Amir Ghias al-Din Mohammad Kiani, from a Sistani noble family.
The Ladiz Cave and Village:
100 km from Zahedan city, there is a beautiful village with amazing views, called Ladiz village. One of the interesting features of this village is the existence of a natural cave of the same name which is located in the heart of the mountain. In this cave, you can see water droplets on the roof and the constant flow of water on the floor all year round, creating a natural and admirable view.
The Hamoon Wetland:
There is a seasonal wetland on the border of Sistan and Baluchestan province and Afghanistan, which is known as Hamoon-e Puzak wetland. This natural phenomenon has an area of about 1600 square kilometers, of which only 350 kilometers of it is located in Iran. The great Hamoon Wetland is formed during the wet season by connecting the three wetlands of Hamoon-e Poozak, Hamoon Saberi, and Hamoon Kuh Khajeh. This spectacular natural phenomenon is another tourist attraction of Zahedan.
The Museum of Southeast region of Iran:
It is one of the largest museums in the country in the southeast of Iran and in the city of Zahedan. This is a historical, cultural, and artistic museum where you can see the ancient monuments of Sistan and Baluchestan province, the traditional food of this region of the country, the types of animals of the province, and its local clothes. Visiting this place will be interesting and exciting for tourists.
Post and Telecommunications Museum of Zahedan:
Zahedan Post and Communication Museum are located in the old building of Zahedan Post. This building was built in the early 14th century AH in 1311, in the city of Zahedan, using materials such as raw clay and bricks and with the style of native desert architecture, and in 1377 AH it was registered as a national monument of Iran. In the museum, you can see a variety of ancient stamps and seals from Shahr-e Sukhteh (the burnt city), a replica of a pigeon house, a statue of a postman, old stamps from different historical periods, old phones and other related tools.
The Haftad Mola Cemetery:
20 km from the village of Tamin (a village in Zahedan) there is an ancient cemetery with an approximate area of 50 square meters, which is known as the Haftad Mullah Cemetery (cemetery of seventy mullahs). The mysterious cemetery is built in a series of five-store tombs in a stepped style, with a view of the heights overlooking the village. Archaeologists believe that the tombs date back to the Middle Islamic period.
The mineral water spring:
The beauties and the unique attractions of nature are one of the most important reasons to visit pristine areas. The untouched places that have not yet been destroyed by men! In the Tamin village of Zahedan city, there is a mineral water spring which is the only water supplier for the villagers. Also, the presence of mineral salts, the proper water temperature and its source, which emerges from the heart of large and beautiful rocks, are the characteristics of this natural phenomenon. The temperature of the spring is warm in cold days of the year and cool in hot days of the year and is a lovely place for tourists.