Niasar is one of the cities of Kashan, in Isfahan province located in central Iran. Niasr is a word from ancient Persian and means shadow and coldness, and is the opposite of sun and heat.
Niasar is located 30 km northwest of Kashan and its mountainous location in the vicinity of Karkas heights has caused it to have a different texture and climate from other parts of Kashan. This beautiful and spectacular city with its many tourist attractions attracts many Iranian and foreign tourists every year.
The city is very popular among tourists due to its beautiful unique tourist attractions and temperate and cool climate. The city’s local population is 5,000, but during Nowruz and the rose-picking season it rises to an average of 5,000 visitors a day, and in the summer, due to its mountainous climate, its population reaches 10,000.
Niasar used to be an ancient village and has been mentioned in the remaining historical documents of the 6th and 7th centuries. Compared to the climate of Kashan, which has hot and dry weather, Niasar has a mountainous and cool climate and has been considered by Sassanid kings in the past for summer residence.
Historical monuments and tourist attractions of Niasar:
There are many historical monuments and natural attractions in this city that present the ancient history and the beauty of this region including Niasar’s Chahartaqi, Niasar’s waterfall, Safavid bathhouse, the underground shelter known as the Surakh- raeis, Niasar’s old plane trees and their adjacent shrine (which has now been turned into a mosque).
Niasar Fire Temple: The Chahartaqi!
This is an ancient monument remaining from the late Parthian or early Sassanid period and is one of the oldest arches in Iran that has stayed unharmed over the course of time. This square building, also known as the Sassanid Fire Temple, is located in the city of Niasar, near the Eskandariyeh Spring, and was probably used for Zoroastrian religious ceremonies. Niasar’s fire temple is located on a cliff and stands out from the distance. This building is built as a room with 14 x 14 sides with a beautiful arched dome.
Niasar spring and waterfall:
There is an old spring in Niasar, which is known as Eskandarieh Spring and has clear and very cool water even in the hot summer days. In fact, all the history, antiquity, and life of this ancient village have been due to the existence of this beautiful spring. This spring is located a few meters below the Chahartaqi and is one of the oldest known springs in Iran. Niasar Waterfall, which is one of the most famous attractions of Niasar, actually originates from this ancient spring.
In the facade of this waterfall, beautiful stalactites and stalagmites can be seen, which have been created over the years due to the dissolution of calcareous rocks and have given this waterfall an elegant appearance. Niasar waterfall has the lowest water level in autumn and the highest amount of water in spring.
Niasar Cave is one of the artificial caves created by men and has been used in the past to perform certain religious ceremonies. The archeologists estimate that the cave dates back to the early Parthian period. This amazing cave has three floors with so many tunnels, narrow and long maze corridors, and several wells. These wells are so deep that access to the depths of them is not possible without the use of modern advanced equipment. Niasar Cave has several names and is known as “Raeis Cave”, “Weiss Hole”, and “Weiss Cave”. It is not recommended to go inside this labyrinth cave without a guide! You may get lost!
The Historical bath and mill of Niasar:
Another valuable historical monument of Niasar is the old bath and watermill. The historians and archeologists date back this beautiful ancient monument to the Safavid period based on the historical and architectural findings. The architecture of this bath and the way the water is transferred into the bath is very interesting and remarkable. The cool and clear water from Niasar Waterfall was diverted into an octagon space by special clay structures and from there into the bath and then transferred to the entire bath area. The fuel for warming the bathroom was firewood. The bathroom had a tank. The water in this mill had been circulated using the waterfall water. First, the water was stored in tanks, and then it was poured with pressure on the mill wheel by narrow clay structures, causing the millstone to move. This watermill was used to grind wheat and barley. The architecture of the mill is similar to that of the bath and probably dates back to the same period.
Due to its suitable geographical location of the city of Niasar, Mohammadi flowers (Damask rose) grow much faster in this region than in other parts of Kashan. The best time to travel to Niasar to attend the rose-packing ceremony and rose water festival is from mid-May to mid-June. When Niasar turns in to a beautiful paradise of flowers! In this interesting festival, you can visit the gardens of Damask rose and watch the rose-picking stages in the local workshops next to the fields. If you wish, you can pick flowers yourself from the fields and then take them to the workshop and learn more about the rose-picking stages of these fragrant beautiful flowers. Be sure to get a few bottles of rose water from these gardens to remember the magical memory of Niasar in your home every time you taste or smell it in your food and desserts.
Niasar Sabz Hotel with modern and well-equipped facilities is the best place to stay and relax for travelers. The hotel is the shortest distance from the natural attractions and historical monuments in Niasar, including the Chahartaqi of Niasar, the Niasar waterfall, the Raeis Cave, and the Safavid bathhouse.
You can also enjoy a variety of traditional and local dishes in restaurants such as the Khatereh-Sabz traditional restaurant, Baba-Ali Garden-restaurant, Zamzam restaurant, and Milad restaurant.