Mashhad: The city of pilgrimage and tourism!
Mashhad is a metropolitan city in northeastern Iran and the capital of Khorasan Razavi province. This city was the capital of Iran during the Afshari era. With an area of 351 square kilometers, Mashhad is the second-largest city in Iran after Tehran. This city is the fourth capital in the contemporary history of Iran and now with the “holy shrine of Imam Reza” in it, it is considered the first destination of Iranian Shiite pilgrims and the Middle East and has been called “the spiritual capital of Iran”. The city of Mashhad has a variable climate, but it is temperate and tends to be cold and dry, and it has hot and dry summers and cold and humid winters.
Due to the presence of the shrine of Ali ibn Musa al-Reza, the eighth Imam of the Shiite, the city annually receives more than 27 million pilgrims from inside the country and two million pilgrims from other countries around the world.
The civilization settlement in Mashhad dates back to the fifth millennium BC, based on archeological discoveries related to Naderi Hill. This city is the residence of Aryan tribes and later takes its name from the holy shrine of Imam Reza (as). The word Mashhad means intuition and martyrdom and the place of graves of imams and elders.
Visiting the markets and bazaars of the city, including the Almas-e Shargh Bazaar, Proma, etc., to buy souvenirs is one of the pilgrims’ plans in the holy city of Mashhad. Famous souvenirs of the city include saffron, rosary, turbah or mohr, cumin and dried fruit. Mashhad handicrafts are carpet weaving, sher weaving, felt weaving, leather embroidery, Stone carving and mat weaving.
The language of the people of Mashhad is Persian with a beautiful Mashhadi dialect.
In this text, we will introduce some of the most popular tourist places in Mashhad
The Imam Reza Shrine:
The Imam Reza shrine or the Razavi shrine is the shrine of Ali ibn Musa al-Reza (the eighth Imam of the Twelver Shias). The Imam Reza shrine is one of the most important historical monuments of Iran and has been considered by the kings and governments for centuries and besides being a sacred shrine, it has historical architectural value. The shrine is the largest and most famous sight in Mashhad. The extraordinary architecture has created a relaxing atmosphere full of spirituality for the pilgrims of this Imam. Even if you are not a religious person, visiting it will be a magical memory for you.
The Tomb of Ferdowsi: The tomb of the Iranian epic poet!
Ferdowsi’s tomb, like the Shahnameh, has its own glory and beauty. The tomb of the popular Persian poet is located in a beautiful area about 30 minutes from the center of Mashhad. Houshang Seyhoun is the architect of this marble building and it is said that its spectacular design was inspired by the tomb of Cyrus.
The Ferdowsi Museum is located inside a cubic-like structure in the tomb. Interior halls can remind you of the most beautiful palaces in the world. Apart from Ferdowsi’s main mausoleum, part of the museum is home to historical remains from the city of Tus. Mehdi Akhavan Sales, a contemporary Iranian poet, is also buried in the Maghbarat-al –shoara (Tomb of Poets) near the Ferdowsi’s tomb.
The local markets of each city are among the most important tourist attractions. Bazaar Reza is the most nostalgic center for buying all kinds of souvenirs. This bazaar with two main corridors and about 1700 shops is one of the most popular places to see in Mashhad. Colorful rosaries, all kinds of turbah, along with the aroma of saffron and candy, will leave you with a beautiful, colorful and magical image of Bazaar Reza.
This summer area is located along the Safa Valley and the orchards around it will amaze you for hours. It is definitely recommended that you visit this area in the fall. Golestan Dam is one of the most important sights built on the Golestan River and creates beautiful views, especially in rainy seasons.
The Goharshad Jameh Mosque:
Goharshad Mosque is one of the sights of Mashhad, which is located in one of the courtyards of the holy shrine of the Eighth Imam. In the year 821 AH, a woman named Goharshad Beygum, the wife of Shahrokh Mirza, the greatest king of Timurids, became the founder of the construction of a mosque in the southern part of the shrine of Imam Reza (AS). This magnificent mosque is built in a classic style. The courtyard of the mosque is square in shape and has four large porches on either side that are symmetrically constructed.
Vakilabad Forest Park was donated for public use by Hossein Malekaltajar in 1348 AH. It has an area of 70 hectares and is one of the largest summer resorts in Mashhad. Vakil Abad Forest Park, formerly known as Bagh Vakil Abad or Mir Taraz Gardens, is one of the largest old parks in Mashhad. The old trees of this beautiful and spectacular forest park are of sycamore, cypress and pine trees. The many streams and seasonal rivers that run along the park have doubled the park’s beauty. The park offers a variety of amenities such as a restaurant, museum, lake, children’s playground, toilet, emergency room, resort, police emergency and parking.
Professor Bazima Scientific Park:
This complex is the most unique scientific park in Iran that shows you from the beginning of creation until today. There are also scientific games in this collection that will make your visit more interesting. If you are looking for fun in a unique and unrepeatable sight, you have come to the right place! Visitors will learn scientific content while having fun.
The Razavi Museum:
The Astan Quds Razavi Museums Collection is one of the largest museum collections in Iran. The building is about six centuries old. Inside the museum are objects and antiques that are about ten centuries old. Many valuable objects have been donated to the Razavi Museum by famous people, such as the valuable medals of many athletes.
Harooniyeh is a historic building and the oldest surviving building in Tus. This historical place is 600 meters away from the tomb of Abolghasem Ferdowsi. Next to this building, a black stone is seen as a monument to “Imam Mohammad Ghazali”, one of the mystics and scholars of the fifth and sixth centuries AH. In recent years, this building has been restored and its surroundings have been created and it is visited as one of the spectacular and historical centers of Mashhad.
Tomb of Nader Shah: The Iranian Napoleon and the Conqueror of India!
The current tomb of Nader Shah is located on the northwest side of the Shohada Crossroads (formerly Naderi Crossroads), which is considered to be the most important tourist-historical position of Mashhad after the shrine of Hazrat Reza (AS). The work is made in a 14,400-square-meter garden and includes a 12-step platform, a tomb, a tent-like cover on the grave, a high platform next to the grave with a Nader Shah statue on horseback, and three others following him, a bookstore and there are two halls for the museum.